Nubians are an indigenous ethnicity living in secluded village from South of Egypt till North Sudan, an estimation of 3 to 4 million Nubian living on the borders of Egypt. From paganism to Christianity the Nubians in the 16th century were almost all Muslims. Most of the Nubian prefers the development of their own ethnicity, hence their wish to live in villages and forbid foreigners to settle or marry with a member of their community.
This they call it: " a protection for the safeguard of the Nubian culture, avoiding any complication or disappointment, even if some Nubian along the years moved to the city we are proud to be here (...) Hospitality is not an option is a must, and if we avoid or don't say 'Salam aleikoum' (Peace be upon you/Hello in arabic) it is a big shame upon us. We should always eat together on a big plate, we live simply and try to adapt to modernity. And if we disagree over a matter, we gather at night for dancing and singing. The Nile, the thousand stars, dune and sands... Nature is our special connection with God and we feel close to Him by contemplating it every moment of our journey".
In 1902, the British constructed the High dam in Aswan. As a result, a flood killed over 10,000 Nubians. Most of the songs, crafts and stories narrate the sorrow time they felt, especially the feeling of betrayal and let down by the rest of the Muslim world. Popular singer such as Khidr El Attar was sent to jail by the Egyptian authority due to the popularity of his songs. Even if for some Nubian it is difficult to integrate the Egyptian community, they say that faith in Islam always conquers everybody's heart in the land of Egypt.