Nubians are an indigenous ethnicity living in secluded villages from South of Egypt to North Sudan. An estimated 3 to 4 million Nubians are living at the borders of Egypt. From paganism to Christianity, the totality of Nubians by the 16th century converted to Islam. Most of the Nubians favour the development of their own ethnicity, they choose to live in villages and forbid foreigners to settle or marry any members of their community.
This they call it: "a protection for the safeguard of the Nubian culture, avoiding any complications or disappointments. Even though some Nubians, along the years, moved to the city, we are still proud to be here in these villages. For us, hospitality is not an option, rather it is a must. If we avoid or don't reply 'Salam aleikoum' (Islamic greetings) then it is a big shame upon us. We always eat together, especially on a large plate, we live simply and try to adapt to modernity. And if we disagree over a matter then we gather at night for dancing and singing. The Nile, the thousand stars, dune and sands... Nature is our special connection with God and we feel close to Him by contemplating it in every moment of our journey.”
In 1902, the British constructed the High dam in Aswan. As a result, a flood killed over 10,000 Nubians. Most of the songs, crafts and stories narrate the sad time they felt, especially the feeling of betrayal and let down by the rest of the Muslim world. Popular singers such as Khidr El Attar was sent to jail by the Egyptian authorities due to the popularity of his songs. Even though for some Nubians, it is difficult to integrate the Egyptian community, they say that faith, in Islam, always conquers everyone's heart in the land of Egypt.