Since 1985, Petra is a UNESCO world heritage monument. The region is considered to have been inhabited by the Nabatean, an ancient civilization that was victim of a natural disaster (see Prophet Salih). Some Bedouins still live within the famous caves of Petra. They claim the heritage of the Nabatean's civilisation, no one truly knows for how long they have been living in the caves neither do we know their origins. For the ease of tourism and the preservation of the site, the Jordanian government built a well-equipped village nearby to allow the Bedouins to settle at ease away from the caves. In the late 20’s, a full migration of 35 families, 6 tribes, 4 000 people moved from the caves to the new village.