The life of Prophet Moses is one of the few in the Qur’an that has the most detailed explanation over his journey to God and the mission he was chosen to accomplish. His name is mentioned 135 times in the Qur’an and he is recognised as a prophet and a messenger. He was given the revelation of the Torah. Prophet Moses’s span life spread from Egypt to Jordan, throughout his travel, he left different spots of his existence. Those sites are easily accesible.
Prophet Moses was born in Egypt under the ruling of a Pharaoh who was persecuting the Israelites. The Pharaoh who was of great power believed a legend in which an Israelites would overthrow him, so by fear, he ordered the killing of every baby boys born from an Israelites family. Indeed, Pharaoh ˹arrogantly˺ elevated himself in the land and divided its people into ˹subservient˺ groups, one of which he persecuted, slaughtering their sons and keeping their women. He was truly one of the corruptors. 28:4 The mother of Moses who feared for the life of Moses was inspired, “Nurse him, but when you fear for him, put him then into the river, and do not fear or grieve. We will certainly return him to you, and make him one of the messengers.” 28:7 The basket followed its course and was found by Pharaoh’s wife. Pharaoh’s wife said ˹to him˺, “˹This baby is˺ a source of joy for me and you. Do not kill him. Perhaps he may be useful to us or we may adopt him as a son.” They were unaware ˹of what was to come˺. 28:9 The sister of Moses who followed the basket on the Nile, rejoice for the safety of Moses. When Pharaoh’s wife could not nurse him, Moses’s sister without revealing her sources suggested she knows someone who could successfully feed him. And We had caused him to refuse all wet-nurses at first, so his sister suggested, “Shall I direct you to a family who will bring him up for you and take good care of him?” This is how We returned him to his mother so that her heart would be put at ease, and not grieve, and that she would know that Allah’s promise is ˹always˺ true. But most people do not know. 28:13
Journey to Sinai Peninsula
Thus, Moses grew up in the palace with Pharaoh’s family, under the love and care of Pharaoh’s wife. He was privileged of obtaining a great education and get acquainted to state affairs… And when he reached full strength and maturity, We gave him wisdom and knowledge. This is how We reward the good-doers. 28:14 One day, as Moses was visiting the city, he intervened in a fight between a slave Israelite and an Egyptian guard, whilst trying to help the Israelite he inadvertently killed the guard. The man from his people called to him for help against his foe. So Moses punched him, causing his death. Moses then repented, Moses cried, “This is from Satan’s handiwork. He is certainly a sworn, misleading enemy.” - He pleaded, “My Lord! I have definitely wronged my soul, so forgive me.” So He forgave him, ˹for˺ He is indeed the All-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 28:16 And as he was getting closer to God.. And so Moses became fearful, watching out in the city, when suddenly the one who sought his help the day before cried out to him again for help. Moses rebuked him, “Indeed, you are clearly a trouble-maker.” Then when Moses was about to lay his hands on their foe,1 the enemy said, “O Moses! Do you intend to kill me as you killed a man yesterday? You only want to be a tyrant in the land. You do not intend to make peace!” 28:19 Moses is then shocked by the situation … And there came a man, rushing from the farthest end of the city. He said, “O Moses! The chiefs are actually conspiring against you to put you to death, so leave ˹the city˺. I really advise you ˹to do so˺.” So Moses left the city in a state of fear and caution, praying, “My Lord! Deliver me from the wrongdoing people.” 28:21 The Qur’an mentions the way Moses found refuge in Midian and marry one of the daughters of Shu3ayb. Leaving behind his status of Prince of Egypt .. When he arrived at the well of Midian, he found a group of people watering ˹their herds˺. Apart from them, he noticed two women holding back ˹their herd˺. He asked ˹them˺, “What is the problem?” They replied, “We cannot water ˹our animals˺ until the ˹other˺ shepherds are done, for our father is a very old man.” So he watered ˹their herd˺ for them, then withdrew to the shade and prayed, “My Lord! I am truly in ˹desperate˺ need of whatever provision You may have in store for me.”1 Then one of the two women came to him, walking bashfully. She said, “My father is inviting you so he may reward you for watering ˹our animals˺ for us.” When Moses came to him and told him his whole story, the old man said, “Have no fear! You are ˹now˺ safe from the wrongdoing people.” 28: 23-28